Ballast Water Regulations

Federal Regulations

USCG page on ballast water management

Federal Register document on ballast water regulations:  33 CFR Part 151, 46 CFR Part 162
Standards for Living Organisms in Ships' Ballast Water Discharged in U.S. Waters; Final Rule

EPA Environmental Technology Verification Program
Generic Protocol for the Verification of Ballast Water Treatment Technology

EPA Vessel General Permit (VGP), currently in the process of revision for release of a new version in 2013: 
Outline of changes in the VGP

EPA Draft 2013 Vessel General Permit (VGP) and Small Vessel General Permit (sVGP) Documents

International Maritime Organization convention (treaty that will go into force when enough nations having a large enough volume of ballast water discharge have ratified it):
The above link is to the IMO convention document that various organizations have saved to their sites. 

Implementation Timelines for USCG and IMO Regulations (diagrams by NEI  Treatment Systems)
USCG ballast water treatment timeline: see

IMO regulation timeline: see